Hosea 2:1-13 Say ye [Jews living by faith] unto your brethren [Unbelieving Jews], Ammi [H5971 -A people/tribe]; and to your sisters, Ruhamah [H7355-Love compassionately/show mercy]. Plead with your mother [Israel as a nation], plead: for she is not my [Lord] wife, neither am I her husband:[Conditional]-> let her therefore put away her whoredoms out of her sight, and her adulteries from between her breasts; Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst. And I will not have mercy upon her children; for they be the children of whoredoms. For their mother hath played the harlot: she that conceived them hath done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink. [Israel as a nation caught up in the worldly things] Therefore, behold, I will hedge up thy way with thorns, and make a wall, that she shall not find her paths. And she shall follow after her lovers, but she shall not overtake them; and she shall seek them, but shall not find them: then shall she say, I will go and return to my first husband; for then was it better with me than now. For she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine, and oil, and multiplied her silver and gold, which they prepared for Baal. [Israel didn't recognize God's provision for them] Therefore will I return, and take away my corn in the time thereof, and my wine in the season thereof, and will recover my wool and my flax given to cover her nakedness. [Diaspora of 70AD to 1948AD]-> And now will I discover her lewdness in the sight of her lovers, and none shall deliver her out of mine hand. I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts. And I will destroy her vines and her fig trees, whereof she hath said, These are my rewards that my lovers have given me: and I will make them a forest, and the beasts of the field shall eat them. And I will visit upon her the days of Baalim, wherein she burned incense to them, and she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels, and she went after her lovers, and forgat me, saith the LORD.
Here we see several groups of people mentioned.
The Lord (man)
Her children (sons and daughters)
The mother is the one whom the Lord is not betrothed to because of her whoredom. Hosea 2:14-23 Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfortably unto her. And I will give her her vineyards from thence, and the valley of Achor for a door of hope: and she shall sing there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt. And it shall be at that day, saith the LORD, that thou shalt call me Ishi [H376 -Good husband]; and shalt call me no more Baali. For I will take away the names of Baalim out of her mouth, and they shall no more be remembered by their name. And in that day [1948-present] will I make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field and with the fowls of heaven, and with the creeping things of the ground: and I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the earth, and will make them to lie down safely. And I will betroth thee [Sons and daughters of Israel] unto me for ever; yea, I will betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment, and in lovingkindness, and in mercies. I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness: and thou shalt know the LORD. And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, saith the LORD, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth; And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel. And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to them which were not my people, Thou art my people; and they shall say, Thou art my God.
The only reconciliation I can see now with my current understanding of the bride of Christ is if this is speaking specifically to particular individuals out of Israel who find Christ before the harpazo. This can't be after the harpazo because the marriage of the Lamb is before Christ returns in glory. Revelation 19:7-14 I think this is verified by the first 13 verses of Hosea 2. Keep in mind that within a people there are both believing and unbelieving. For instance, not all Christians live their lives as Christians are supposed to and therefore are not truly Christians because they don't live by faith. This is shown Biblically in the kingdom parable of Matthew 25:1-13, where five of the ten virgins have the door to heaven closed on them. Those who do not have the door shut on them are the bride of Christ, comprised of Jews and Gentiles. They are also called the just.